Footnotes vs. Endnotes: When to Use Them Worksheet

Research Writing: Citing References

Practice with this Footnotes vs. Endnotes Worksheet to help you decide whether using footnotes or endnotes is a better option for your research writing than including information in the body of your paper. By completing 10 exercises, you get more comfortable deciding which is the better option while becoming more familiar with scenarios that require the use of either type of note.
Footnotes vs. Endnotes: When to Use Them

Instructions

For the first five exercises below, read the hypothetical scenario, and decide whether you would use a footnotes, use an endnote or include the information in the text of your paper. For the remaining five exercises, answer the question presented to you in each individual exercise..

  • You are permitted to use footnotes or endnotes. Many of your notes are supplemental information, some of which are quite lengthy. Would you use footnotes or endnotes? Explain your answer.

  • A portion of text digresses into information that is somewhat, but not entirely relevant to the scope of your paper. Would you include this information in the body of your paper or in a footnote/endnote? Explain your answer.

  • While discussing a specific research study, you want to include a list of several other studies that are similar and that you think your readers may find interesting. Would you include this information in the body of your paper or in a footnote/endnote? Explain your answer.

  • You want to include a brief quote from a the author of an original source that is from a different piece of source material. The quote strengthens what the author said in the first source (which you are already using and citing in the body of your paper), but the quote is not essential to drive your point across to readers. Would you include the additional quote in the body of your paper or in a footnote/endnote? Explain your answer.

  • You are using several charts and images in the body of your research paper. You have permission to use them as long as you provide copyright information. Would you put the copyright information in the body of your paper or in a footnote/endnote? Explain your answer.

  • If you are using footnotes and you use four footnotes on the first page of your research paper, what is the first number of the first footnote that appears on page two?

  • What are two biggest differences between footnotes and endnotes?

  • What elements are common in both footnotes and endnote? Explain your answer.

  • You have the choice to use footnotes or endnotes instead of in-text citations. Which would you use? Explain your answer.

  • If you were reading someone else’s research paper, would you find footnotes or endnotes less distracting? Explain your answer.