The present progressive is formed by using a helping (auxiliary) verb in front of the main verb in its present participle form (ending in “ing”). This tense is also referred to as the present continuous tense, and it is used to show an action that is happening now or an action in the future. Sometimes an action is happening at that exact moment, or it is either happening very soon or just happened. Actions in the future are already determined at the time you are writing. In other words, it is a planned action that is determined in the present but occurs in the future. Usually a word notates the future actions, such as tomorrow, next week or the name of a holiday. Consider the following examples:
Example 1: Sarah is drinking coffee (action that is happening right now).
Example 2: They are planning a trip to visit their mom next weekend (the action is happening very soon).
Example 3: I am graduating next semester (the plan is determined but is happening in the future).