Writing Essays for Applied Sciences

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Writing in the applied sciences is often used to assess your level of knowledge. The specific fields within this area of science include, but are not limited to, the following areas:

Agronomy, Applied Physics, Architecture, Education, Computing Technology, Energy Technology, Engineering, Health Sciences, Management, Military Science, Nano Technology, Optics and Spatial Science

The most common writing assignments in the applied sciences include literature reviews, research proposals, lab reports and progress reports.

When writing an essay for applied sciences, the construction of the written piece has a few things that are required of any area within the field.

  • Use academic writing
  • Avoid bullet-point lists because each bullet must be explained and presented in more detail
  • Write in the present tense except when writing about research that was conducted or published in the past
  • Omit any graphs or illustrated information you do not comment on within the text
  • Keep the syntax 100 percent free of elliptical sentences

Elliptical sentences omit words that are implied but unnecessary to maintain meaning.

  • Example: Researchers in the first study found 15 percent of respondents provided false information; researchers in the second found only 12 percent.

The second part of the sentence omits the words in brackets “researchers in the second [study] found only 12 percent [of respondents provided false information]. For writing in the applied sciences, do not omit elliptical phrases; keep the full sentence intact even if it seems wordy.

In addition to these preferences, there are expectations about the content and structure of any report or essay written in the applied sciences.

Expectations for writing in applied sciences

For most essays and reports in the applied sciences, a large amount of background reading is necessary. From the many sources of background information, you select the references that best suit the purpose of your written piece. Furthermore, a report in this field requires conducting a critical analysis of whatever problem is the focus. Expectations of any written work in the applied sciences include the following aspects:

  • Introducing the topic
  • Justifying the topic as a scientific problem
  • Examining the question thoroughly
  • Summarizing the question in a logical conclusion
  • Analyzing the experimental information if you conduct primary research

Structure of essays and reports for applied sciences

The structure of essays and reports for applied sciences consists of four main parts: an introduction, the body of the essay, a conclusion and a list of references.

The introduction must meet the following requirements:

  • Identify the objective
  • Analyze the problem to show how it is related and connected to a broader context (scientifically)
  • State the thesis
  • Identify the terms used and the basic approach for analysis

The body paragraphs are usually broken up into sections with headings. Many reports in the applied sciences are used to examine research and research proposals, so an analysis of experimental results is often a necessary section. The body of a written piece in this field accomplishes several things:

  • Illustrates a logical progression of the topic
  • Shows why a certain point of view is accepted
  • Supports any arguments with data
  • Presents data in various forms, including graphic and verbal
  • References all sources of information used

The conclusion of an essay or report for the applied sciences accomplishes and includes several things.

  • Restates the thesis and purpose
  • Shows implications in the broader scientific field
  • Provides justification for your conclusions

A list of references is mandatory at the end of an essay for the applied sciences. Whether you use only indirect quotes with paraphrased or summarized information or direct quotes are sprinkled throughout your essay, you must cite every source you reference. How those references are listed depends on what official style guide, such as MLA or APA, you are required to use.